Bill Drayton with Ashoka
‘BILL DRAYTONis a social entrepreneur with a long record of founding organizations and public service. As a student, he founded organizations ranging from Yale Legislative Services to Harvard’s Ashoka Table, an inter-disciplinary weekly forum in the social sciences. After graduation from Harvard, he received an M.A. from Balliol College in Oxford University. In 1970, he graduated from Yale Law School. After working at McKinsey & Company, he taught at Stanford Law School and Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. From 1977 to 1981, while serving the Carter Administration as Assistant Administrator at the Environmental Protection Agency, he launched emissions trading (the basis of Kyoto) among other reforms. He launched Ashoka in 1981. He used the stipend received when elected a MacArthur Fellow in 1984 to devote himself fully to Ashoka.
Bill is Ashoka’s Chair and Chief Executive Officer. He is also chair of three other organizations; Youth Venture, Community Greens, and Get America Working! Bill has won numerous awards and honors throughout his career. In 2005, he was selected one of America’s Best Leaders by US News & World Report and Harvard’s Center for Public Leadership. Other awards include the Yale Law School’s highest alumni honor, the National Wildlife Federation’s Conservation Achievement Award International; and the National Academy of Public Administration National Public Service Award. As one of three members of the Leadership Team, his special responsibilities are leadership of the new group entrepreneurship and social financial services programs as well as staff search and marketing functions’
ASHOKA constitutes a leading organization which specializes in providing aid to social enterprises across the world. A great contribution of Ashoka is that, since 2010 the organization has been sponsoring 3000 fellows deriving from 92 different countries, the majority of which have pioneered in the establishment of new organizations and enterprises that have been converted to major change makers in generating social capital and social value, thus benefiting modern communities to thrive. The basic component elements that characterize Ashoka’s code of values are Empathy, Teamwork, New Leadership and Change making.
For example, Ashoka Fellow Kailash Satyarthi has acted to protect the rights of more than 83,000 children from 144 countries. It is largely because of Satyarthi’s work and activism that the International Labour Organization adopted Convention No. 182 to prevent the worst forms of child labour, which is now a principal guideline for governments around the world. In 2014, Kailash received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work’ [Source: https://www.ashoka.org/en/ashoka%27s-impact]
In case you are willing to investigate all the opportunities provided by Ashoka, please have a look at the organization’s website ( https://www.ashoka.org/)
 Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank
PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD YUNUS established the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh in 1983, fuelled by the belief that credit is a fundamental human right. His objective was to help poor people escape from poverty by providing loans on terms suitable to them and by teaching them a few sound financial principles so they could help themselves.
From Dr. Yunus’ personal loan of small amounts of money to destitute basket weavers in Bangladesh in the mid-70s, the Grameen Bank has advanced to the forefront of a burgeoning world movement toward eradicating poverty through microlending. Replicas of the Grameen Bank model operate in more than 100 countries worldwide.
Born in 1940 in the seaport city of Chittagong, Professor Yunus studied at Dhaka University in Bangladesh, then received a Fulbright scholarship to study economics at Vanderbilt University. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Vanderbilt in 1969 and the following year became an assistant professor of economics at Middle Tennessee State University. Returning to Bangladesh, Yunus headed the economics department at Chittagong University.
From 1993 to 1995, Professor Yunus was a member of the International Advisory Group for the Fourth World Conference on Women, a post to which he was appointed by the UN secretary general. He has served on the Global Commission of Women’s Health, the Advisory Council for Sustainable Economic Development and the UN Expert Group on Women and Finance.
Professor Yunus is the recipient of numerous international awards for his ideas and endeavors, including the Mohamed Shabdeen Award for Science (1993), Sri Lanka; Humanitarian Award (1993), CARE, USA; World Food Prize (1994), World Food Prize Foundation, USA; Independence Day Award (1987), Bangladesh’s highest award; King Hussein Humanitarian Leadership Award (2000), King Hussien Foundation, Jordan; Volvo Environment Prize (2003), Volvo Environment Prize Foundation, Sweden; Nikkei Asia Prize for Regional Growth (2004), Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Japan; Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom Award (2006), Roosevelt Institute of The Netherlands; and the Seoul Peace Prize (2006), Seoul Peace Prize Cultural Foundation, Seoul, Korea. He is a member of the board of the United Nations Foundation.
From Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Prizes 2006, Editor Karl Grandin, [Nobel Foundation], Stockholm, 2007.
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/ Nobel Lectures/The Nobel Prizes. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate.’
GRAMEEN BANK has reversed conventional banking practice by removing the need for collateral and created a banking system based on mutual trust, accountability, participation and creativity. GB provides credit to the poorest of the poor in rural Bangladesh, without any collateral. At GB, credit is a cost effective weapon to fight poverty and it serves as a catalyst in the overall development of socio-economic conditions of the poor who have been kept outside the banking orbit on the ground that they are poor and hence not bankable. Professor Muhammad Yunus, the founder of “Grameen Bank” reasoned that if financial resources can be made available to the poor people on terms and conditions that are appropriate and reasonable, “these millions of small people with their millions of small pursuits can add up to create the biggest development wonder.”
As of December, 2015, it has 8.81 million borrowers, 97 percent of whom are women. With 2,568 branches, GB provides services in 81,392 villages, covering more than 97 percent of the total villages in Bangladesh.
Grameen Bank’s positive impact on its poor and formerly poor borrowers has been documented in many independent studies carried out by external agencies including the World Bank, the International Food Research Policy Institute (IFPRI) and the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS).
In case you are willing to investigate all the opportunities provided by Grameen Bank, please have a look at the organization’s website (http://www.grameen.com/)
 Blake Mycoskie and TOMS
BLAKE MYCOSKIE is the Founder and Chief Shoe Giver of TOMS, and the person behind the idea of One for One®, a business model that helps a person in need with every product purchased.
A simple idea has grown into a global movement: TOMS Shoes has provided over 60 million pairs of shoes to children since 2006, TOMS Eyewear has restored sight to over 400,000 since 2011 and TOMS Roasting Company has helped provide over 335,000 weeks of safe water since launching in 2014. In 2015, TOMS Bag Collection was founded with the mission to help provide training for skilled birth attendants and distribute birth kits containing items that help a woman safely deliver her baby. As of 2016, TOMS has supported safe birth services for over 25,000 mothers.
TOMS humble beginnings happened unintentionally. While traveling in Argentina in 2006, Blake witnessed the hardships faced by children growing up without shoes. His solution to the problem was simple, yet revolutionary: to create a for-profit business that was sustainable and not reliant on donations. Blake’s vision soon turned into the simple business idea that provided the powerful foundation for TOMS.
Over the course of its first five years, TOMS was successful enough in providing shoes for children in need. But Blake, having recognized other vital needs during his travels around the world, realized that One for One® could be applied to more than shoes. He developed the idea for TOMS Eyewear in which for every pair of eyewear purchased, TOMS would help give sight to a person in need. One for One®.
In the fall of 2011, Blake released his first book, Start Something That Matters, offering his own amazing story of inspiration, and the power of incorporating giving in business. He references other companies and individuals who have been motivated and inspired to integrate philanthropy into their profession as well as their personal lives. The book became a New York Times best-seller. More importantly, it is Blake’s hope that Start Something That Matters inspires others to turn their passion and dreams into a reality.
From shoes to eyewear and now a book, Blake’s unique approach to business has awarded him with numerous accolades. In 2009, Blake and TOMS received the Secretary of State’s 2009 Award of Corporate Excellence (ACE). At the Clinton Global Initiative University plenary session, former President Clinton introduced Blake to the audience as “one of the most interesting entrepreneurs (I’ve) ever met.” People Magazine featured Blake in its “Heroes Among Us” section, and TOMS Shoes was featured in the Bill Gates Time Magazine article “How to Fix Capitalism.” In 2011, Blake was named on Fortune Magazine’s “40 Under 40” list, recognizing him as one of the top young businessmen in the world.’
TOMS as it is being described in TOMSwebsite, it has all started with sale of shoes. Although within the last years Blake Mycoskie and Toms have achieved to generate genuine social value by improving the access to water, by helping blind people to see, by providing help to poor woman in order to be able to give a safe birth to their child and also by fighting against bulling.
In case you are willing to investigate the whole story and the mission of TOMS, please have a look at its website (http://www.toms.com/)
 Scott Harrison and Charity: Water
SCOTT HARRISON is the Founder and CEO of charity: water, a non-profit organization bringing clean and safe drinking water to people in developing nations.
In seven years, with the help of more than 400,000 donors worldwide, charity: water has raised more than $125 million and funded 10,000 water projects in 20 countries. When completed, those projects will provide clean, safe drinking water to more than 3.5 million people.
Scott was recently recognized on Fortune Magazine’s 40 under 40 list, the Forbes Magazine Impact 30 list and was recently #10 in Fast Company’s 100 Most Creative People in Business issue. He is currently a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader.
Scott spent almost 10 years as a nightclub promoter in New York City before leaving to volunteer on a hospital ship off the coast of Liberia, West Africa, as a photojournalist. In a 2013 Forbes article, Scott said, “One year turned into two, and while I was there, I saw people drinking dirty water from ponds, rivers and swamps—simply born into communities without access. It shocked and angered me, and I began learning more about the world’s 800 million people living without access to clean water. I returned to NYC to help them, and started charity: water.”
Returning home to New York City two years later, he founded the non-profit organization charity: water in 2006. Turning his full attention to the global water crisis and the world’s 800 million people without access to clean water, he created public installations and innovative online fundraising platforms to spread international awareness of the issue.’
CHARITY: WATER is a non-profit organization bringing clean and safe drinking water to people in developing nations.
o In case you are willing to investigate the whole story and the mission of Charity:Water, please have a look at its website
 Xavier Helgesen, Chris Fuchs & Jeff Kurtzma and Better World Books
BETTER WORLD BOOKS: ‘Founded in 2002 by Notre Dame grads Xavier Helgesen, Chris “Kreece” Fuchs, and Jeff Kurtzman, Better World’s mission is to maximize the value of every book out there and to help promote literacy around the world. The company works by reusing or recycling books through sales on their website and donations to schools, and so far has used 84 million volumes to raise $12.1 million for literacy funding. The company attributes its success to using a “triple bottom line” model, caring not only about profits but also about the social and environmental impact of everything they do.’
o In case you are willing to explore the whole story and the mission of the organization, please have a look at its website (https://www.betterworldbooks.com/)
 Akhtar Haneed Khann
DR AKHTAR HANEED KHANN (1914-1999) – a development activist and social scientist credited for pioneering microcredit and microfinance initiatives, farmers’ cooperatives, and rural training programmes in the developing world. He also promoted rural development activities in Pakistan, Bangladesh and in other developing countries, and advocated community participation in development.
He particularly earned renowned for his leading role in the establishment of a comprehensive project for rural development, Comilla Model (1959) that earned him Magsaysay Award from Philippines and honorary Doctorate of Law by Michigan State University. In 1980s he founded a bottom up community development initiative of Orangi Pilot Project in Karachi slums. He received wide international recognition and highest honors in Pakistan for those projects and a number of programs that formed part of those projects, from microcredit to self-financed and from housing provision to family planning.
Khan, fluent in five international languages, published many scholarly books and articles, as well as his collection of poems and travelogues in Urdu language.
THE COMILLA MODEL(1959), Khan’s initiative in response to the failure of Village Agricultural and Industrial Development (V-AID) program, launched in 1953 in East and West Pakistan with technical assistance from the US government. The V-AID constituted a governmental level attempt to promote citizens participation in the sphere of rural development.
Comilla Model provided a methodology of implementation in the areas of agricultural and rural development on the principle of grassroots level cooperative participation by the people. The initial concept sought to provide a development model of programs and institutions that could be replicated across the country. The leadership skills of Khan proved a source of inspiration for Grameen Bank by one of the Comilla Academy students Muhammad Yunus.
While most of the cooperatives failed, frustrating Khan’s goals, the Model provided valuable lessons for later Bangladeshi leaders in microfinance like Dr. Muhammad Yunus of Grameen Bank and Dr. Fazle Hasan Abed of BRAC. Those leaders abandoned the cooperative approach in favor of centralized control and service delivery structures, and adopted a strategy of targeting the poorest villagers while excluding those less poor. That strategy successfully prevented the types of ‘elite capture’ of local cooperatives, leading to widespread delinquencies, that plagued the Comilla Model.
ORANGI PILOT PROJECT: Dr Khan initiated Orangi poverty alleviation project (Orangi Pilot Project, OPP) in 1980. Orangi at that time constituted the largest squatter community (katchi abadi) in Karachi. The project aimed at socio-economic development of the population of the vast Orangi area of Karachi. As the project director, Dr. Khan proved a dynamic and innovative leader. The project comprised a number of programs, including a people’s financed and managed Low-Cost Sanitation Program; a Housing Program; a Basic Health and Family Planning Program; a Program of Supervised Credit for Small Family Enterprise Units; an education Program; and a Rural development Program in the nearby villages.’
 Ibrahim Abouleish and SEKEM
DR IBRAHIM ABOULEISH (1937 – 2017) moved to Graz, Austria, in 1956, where he studied chemistry and medicine. After his studies, he engaged in medical research and was Head of Division for medical research. In Europe, Dr. Abouleish was influenced by antroposophic philosophy, arts and culture, which later made him to shape the SEKEM-Vision.
In 1975, he visited his home country Egypt, where he was confronted with the urge problems of the country: poverty, overpopulation and pollution. This visit was a crucial experience and the SEKEM-Founder decided to act. He came to the conclusion that only a holistic approach could help to solve the main problems of his country. He started to develop the SEKEM-Vision, which he describes as: “Sustainable Development towards a future where every human being can unfold his or her individual potential; where mankind is living together in social forms reflecting human dignity; and where all economic activity is conducted in accordance with ecological and ethical principles.”
In 1977, the scientist went back to Egypt and bought 70 hectares of desert land northeast of Egypt’s Capital Cairo and founded the SEKEM Initiative. The name SEKEM means according to an ancient Egyptian hieroglyph „vitality of the sun‟. The Entrepreneur and his helpers started against all odds to revitalize the desert soil by using biodynamic agricultural methods and succeeded in cultivating herbs, fruits, vegetables, cotton and other crops. SEKEM grew and Dr. Abouleish incorporated other companies under the umbrella of SEKEM to continue processing the crops, like ATOS Pharma for pharmaceutical products in 1986, LIBRA for Biodynamic cultivation of crops in 1988, ISIS Organic for production of processed organic foodstuff 1997 and ConyTex (now NatureTex) for manufacturing organic textiles in 1998. The companies have been united under the umbrella of the SEKEM Holding since 2000. Due to the holistic approach of Dr. Abouleishs vision, SEKEM obligated itself to serve the society and established several institutions. In 1989, a School was created in SEKEM and a Medical Center takes care of SEKEMs employees and the surrounding residents since 1996. One year later, the SEKEM Vocational Center and an Arts School were introduced. In 2009, the Heliopolis University for Sustainable Development received its acknowledgment by the Presidential Decree No. 298 and opened its gates for Students in 2012.
Dr. Ibrahim Abouleish was multiple awarded for his achievements, among others with the Right Livelihood Award, better known as “Alternative Nobel Prize” in 2003. Today, SEKEM is not only a company, but a living community of about 1200 people, where mankind is encouraged to unfold its full potential and different people of different cultures meet and work together hand in hand to realize the vision of SEKEM.’
In case you are willing to learn more about SEKEM, please have a look at its website (http://www.sekem.com/en/index/).